The end of harvest means the beginning of work to implement Minnesota's new buffer law, and Minnesota farmers remain divided over the initiative.
The law requires permanent vegetation strips to protect lakes and streams from farm field runoff. The deadline to comply is November of next year.
Otter Tail county farmer Don Viger accepts the new buffer requirements.
"Nobody likes to lose any acreage but on this case, I think it's for the benefit of the soil and the water," said Viger, standing in a recently harvested corn field.
One buffer next to a small, unnamed lake will cut 40 to 50 feet off the edge of one of Viger's fields.
Viger expects to lose about 15 of the 1,400 acres he farms to buffers.
But, he said, "if we don't do anything now, the waters will get polluted, and we're just trying to make the ground better, and the water better."
Viger figures the acres lost to buffers are about the same as the amount of crop Canada geese eat every year.
"The geese are real bad along in here and I'm hoping these buffer strips deter the geese too," he said.
Viger will enroll his buffers in the federal Conservation Reserve Program. He'll get a small payment each year from the federal government for not planting crops on the land.
This cornfield is one of more than 100 sites Soil and Water Conservation District crews hope to mark before snow covers the fields, and next spring will also be busy. Using aerial photos, they've identified about 1,100 parcels of land that are out of compliance with the new Minnesota buffer law.
West Otter Tail County Soil and Water Conservation District technician Aaron Larsen, right, shows farmer Don Viger an aerial photo of where a buffer strip needs to be planted on his farm. Crews are marking the buffers so farmers can plant vegetation in the spring to meet the November 2017 deadline. Dan Gunderson | MPR News
Those landowners have all received letters telling them where they need to add buffers. It's up to them to ask for help in measuring and marking the fields.
For Soil and Water Conservation District technician Aaron Larsen, it's important to check every field to make sure maps are accurate.
"Getting out in the field with these producers goes a long ways with them," Larsen said. "They can come in the office and be upset about the piece of paper. But a lot of times you change their mind when you come out here in the field and stake it off, because they're like 'Oh that's only as far out as you're coming,' and they can physically see that line."
On another Otter Tail county farm just a few miles away, Stan Overgaard is not asking for help. In fact, he challenges the whole idea of giving up farmland for state-mandated buffers.
"I don't know if it's right for government to simply to come in and take it," Overgaard said. "It just doesn't seem right to me."
Overgaard considers himself a conservationist. He uses university-recommended farming practices that reduce erosion and fertilizer runoff.
Farmer Stan Overgaard says he is not convinced his farmland pollutes this small Otter Tail Couty lake, and he disputes the need for a buffer to protect it. Dan Gunderson | MPR News
But he wants to see data that proves this lake is polluted.
"That's the troubling part to a lot of farmers. There's no science behind it," Overgaard said. "We've been brushed with a broad stroke. Saying we are all guilty."
The state has not assessed the condition of a lake by Overgaard's farm, but the local watershed district has it listed as a priority for conservation buffers.
"If somebody were to come out here, test the water and say, 'You know Overgaard, that water is high in phosphates.' And then if they would look at me and say, 'You did it'. Now I'm willing to work with you," said Overgaard.
Overgaard believes buffers on his farm will cost him thousands of dollars, because the farmland planted to buffers will have little resale value and he will lose crop production each year.
He doesn't want to enroll the land in the federal Conservation Reserve Program. He wonders if there are other options to reduce runoff that won't force him to take land out of production.
Overgaard says he knows several farmers who are considering simply ignoring the buffer law.
The hard work and dedication of the West Otter Tail Soil & Water Conservation District, along with it's conservation partners, was honored and recognized at the 2015 MASWCD State Convention in Bloomington, Minn. The Otter Tail County Commissioners were recoginzied as East and West Otter Tail SWCD's 2015 Outstanding Conservationists. West Otter Tail District Manager Brad Mergens and East Otter Tail Distrcit Manager Darren Newville were awarded the 2015 Outstanding District Employee Award presented by MN Board of Water and Soil Resources. The West Otter Tail SWCD was the recipient of the 2015 SWCD of the Year Award.
Soil & Water Conservation District of the Year Award recognizes and honors a SWCD for accomplishments and leadership in conserving our natural resources. L to R: Jake Nelson, Aaron Larsen, Casey Gwost, Mary Jensen, Keaton Laymon, Rod Wenstrom, John Walkup, and Julian Sjostrom.
2015 Outstanding Soil and Water Conservation District Employee Award honors an employee(s) who has demonstrated leadership and achieved significant results in the conservation of Minnesota's soil and water resources. The award was presented by MN Board of Water and Soil Resources. L to R: Darren Newville, John Jaschke (MN BWSR), Brad Mergens. Click here to view BWSR's news release
The Otter Tail County Commissioners were recognized as East and West Otter Tail SWCD's 2015 Outstanding Conservationist Award. Back Row L to R: WOT SWCD Manager Brad Mergens, Commissioner Wayne Johnson. Middle Row L to R: EOT SWCD Board Member Lyle Dittmann, WOT SWCD Board Member Rod Wenstrom, Commissioner Roger Froemming, Commissioner Doug Huebsch. Front Row L to R: EOT SWCD Manager Darren Newville, Commissioners Lee Rogness and John Lindquist.
Dan Gunderson, reporter for Minnesota Public Radio News (MPR News), recently covered the Otter Tail County Buffer Initiative. He interviewed staff from the West Otter Tail Soil & Water Conservation Distircit (SWCD) to learn more about the Buffer Initiative. Click here to read the published article and to listen to the audio of the featured story. The Initiative is a partnership between Otter Tail County, West Otter Tail SWCD, & East Otter Tail SWCD. The Initiative is a local approach that aims at 100% voluntary compliance with existing State Shoreland Managment Rules & exisiting County Shoreland Management Ordinance that requires 50 foot buffer of permanent vegetation along all public waters. To learn more about the local County Shoreland Managment Ordinance and the Otter Tail County Buffer Initiative Click Here.
West Otter Tail Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD) is honored to announce that the Otter Tail County Buffer Initiative has been awarded over $290,000 in funding from the Minnesota Board of Water and Soil Resources (BWSR) through the Clean Water, Land and Legacy Amendment.
In March 2014, the West Otter Tail SWCD, East Otter Tail SWCD, and Otter Tail County developed and adopted the Otter Tail County Buffer Initiative. Otter Tail County is unique in that there are 1,049 lakes, more than any other county in the United States, and 1,174 miles of rivers, streams, and ditches which totals 4,618 miles of shoreline. Because of this unique resource West Otter Tail SWCD, East Otter Tail SWCD and Otter Tail County are working in cooperation to protect the water resources within Otter Tail County.
Through the awarded Clean Water Fund grant, this initiative will accelerate the inventory of public waters and identify compliance with Shoreland Management Ordinance. This initiative aims to educate landowners and provide conservation programs to move in the direction of 100% compliance.
“Otter Tail County’s abundance of lakes, river, and streams are an important natural resource in our community,” Brad Mergens, District Manager said. “This grant funds will allow us to accelerate our work to protect and restore water quality. We’re grateful for support from all our partners and the commitment of our community to move this project forward.” Click here to read more
For more information please contact the West Otter Tail SWCD at 218-739-4694 ext. 4.
The West Otter Tail Soil and Water Conservation District selected Larry and Julie Buchholz as outstanding conservationists for 2014. In 1976 Larry took over the farming operations on his family’s century farm that dates back to 1896. Currently, Larry and Julie farm with their youngest son Dayson, their eldest son Derrick and his wife Bekka. They produce a variety of crops and rotations including spring wheat, corn, soybeans and specialty beans. They also practice no-till and minimun tillage whenever possible. Larry has installed 11 water and sediment control basins through NRCS’s EQIP program and state cost share. In addition he has installed 6 on his own with plans for 4 more this fall. He has planted tree rows for wind breaks, installed buffers to control erosion and left standing crops as winter food plots for deer and other wildlife. Larry hopes to keep his farm very family orientated working to leave the farm in the best condition possible to ensure success for future generations.